Some people are dissatisfied with the appearance of their chin because it is not prominent enough and appears "weak," is too prominent, or is simply disproportionate to the rest of the face. Chin surgery offers an alternative for reshaping and balancing the chin. It is often coupled with nose surgery, face lifts, or other facial plastic surgeries in order to optimize the balance of facial features.
There are two primary types of chin surgery: 1) chin augmentation, which builds up and expands the chin, and 2) chin reduction, which reduces the size of the chin's projection. In chin augmentation, a surgeon makes a small incision in the natural crease under the chin or in the mouth. Tissue is gently stretched and a synthetic implant is inserted. In chin reduction, a small incision is made under the chin in or in the mouth. The surgeon reshapes the chin by either sculpting or re-positioning the bone and soft tissue. If required, liposuction may be used to remove excess fat. In both cases, fine sutures are used to close the incision. Chin surgery generally takes between 1 and 3 hours.
The surgeon applies a dressing on the area, which is left in place for one or two days. Eating and chewing is restricted for the first few days following surgery, requiring soft food or a liquid diet. Patients may experience some swelling and bruising after the surgery as well as mild tenderness. These symptoms generally subside over the course of 2 to 6 weeks. Most patients are able to return to normal activity within 10 days to 2 weeks. However, there may be some limits to physical activity for 4 to 6 weeks following the surgery.
There is the possibility of infection following any surgery. Your surgeon will likely prescribe antibiotics to avoid infection in addition to any pain medication. Bruising and swelling is common for the first few days following surgery. In rare cases, an implant may shift or become unaligned, requiring a second, corrective surgery.